See if students can identify cities in your area. Initially, I was confused by the large area of lights in western North Dakota - until I realized there were due to activity in the Bakken Oil Fields. In most cases more light means more people. Challenge students to identify the Earth Science factors that draw people to specific areas (rivers, lakes and other water resources, harbors, soil, warm sunny climates, transportation/travel routes, mineral resources, etc.).
In the long history of mankind geology, hydrology, and meteorology have played important roles in the development of communities and cultures. An important aspect of every culture is the story of how that group of people adapted to their environment - how they figured out how to feed themselves, build shelters, clothe themselves, make weapons, even how they developed values and beliefs, etc.
To learn more about the lights in the Bakken Oil Fields in North Dakota, CLICK HERE.
To view a convenient list of all the resources that have been posted on this "Earth Science Guy" blog site, CLICK HERE.